A numbers station is a special type of unusual radio broadcast, generally on the Short Wave (SW) radio bands, reading out incomprehensible lists of spoken numbers or morse coded messages.The most common type features a female voice, reading long strings of numbers, generally in groups of five, often preceeded by a preamble and/or a series of musical notes. During the Cold War number stations were often operated from Eastern Block countries, such as Czechslovakia, East-Germany (DDR) and Russia (USSR) with their broadcasts aimed at spies and secret agents operating undercover in West-European countries. The agents were instructed to listen to specific SW frequencies at fixed days and times, often using a commercially available SW-receiver from brands like Sony, Panasonic and Grundig. The Sony ICF-2001D (called ICF 2010 outside Europe), a commonly available receiver, became really popular amongst the spies during the 1980s.
The first microprocessor controlled travel shortwave radio ICF-2001 introduced by Sony in the year 1980 initiated a revolution in shortwave travel radio design. A high performance set had not anymore the size of a 6 – 10 kg suitcase with a carrying handle, but it came in a pocket book siced cabinet and looked like a giant pocket calculator. The ICF-2001 was the first shortwave travel radio featuring direct frequency keypad input together with several electronic memories and a liquid crystal frequency display. The ICF-2001D (called ICF-2010 outside Europe) was the successor of this successful set and was improved in several ways to make nearly the perfect shortwave travel portable for many years. In the similar size cabinet, it was a completely redesigned shortwave receiver with very high sensitivity, good selectivity, a synchroneous detector for automated ECSS reception, a large number of memories, ssb and cw reception, scanning functions, a clock with timer – an in some non European variants, it also covers the VHF Air Band. http://www.shortwaveradio.ch/radio-e/sony-icf2001d-e.htm
Registrazione integrale dell’incontro del 7 ottobre 2016 organizzato dalla ARI Sezione di Belluno sulla storia delle radio private italiane in onde medie e corte, dagli anni 70 ad oggi…
Complete recording of the meeting of October 7 2016 organized by the ARI (Italian Ham Association) Section of Belluno, on the history of Italian private radio stations in medium and short wave, from the 70s to today .
In 1925 a group of amateur radio operators in Milan led by Ing. Eugenio Gnesutta (Italian radio pioneer, who already founded in 1923 the Group Radiotecnico Milanese), pending the entry into service of the URI (Unione Radiofonica Italiana, the public service radio) had begun (perhaps as a provocation to push the public service radio to open a station in Milan) on May 5 1925, more or less regular evening broadcasts from a private radio station called “Place Zero” (Posto Zero, in italian) located in Via Santo Spirito (where the event is commemorated by a plaque which is reproduced in the above picture). Behind this acronym also they kept the anonymity, to avoid trouble with the law.
Their action will lead to the birth of the first URI public radio station in Milan at the end of 1925
“Why we did it? Because our need to communicate over the radio has let us passed thirty years of problems with the law? It is not just the fact of being able to transmit a record of the Rolling Stone without authorization, it is a matter of freedom. Before being turned off by the Broadcasting Act, Radio Caroline was the only English radio station that had no direct control by the institutions. The official reasons of the closure of our station were not our potential interference to other radio or violations of our laws on territorial waters but just the fact that everything that can not be controlled by the government must be eliminated “
Peter Moore, manager of Radio Caroline (a british pirate radio broadcasting from a ship in international waters since 1964, closed down by the Labour government in 1967)
“Perche lo facevamo ? Perchè il nostro bisogno di comunicare attraverso la radio ci ha fatto passare trent’anni di problemi con la legge ? Non è soltanto il fatto di poter trasmettere un disco dei Rolling Stone senza avere l’autorizzazione, è un fatto di libertà. Prima di essere spenta dal Broadcasting Act, Radio Caroline era l’unica stazione radio inglese che non aveva un controllo diretto da parte delle istituzioni. Le ragioni ufficiali delle chiusura della nostra stazione non furono le nostre possibili interferenze ad altre radio o le nostre violazioni alle leggi sulle acque territoriali ma solo il fatto che tutto quello che non riesce ad essere controllato dal governo deve essere eliminato.”
Peter Moore, manager di Radio Caroline (stazione radio pirata inglese che trasmetteva da una nave in acque internazionali dal 1964, chiusa dal governo laburista nel 1967)
ON THE FOLLOWING MAP,THE AREA INSIDE THE CIRCLEIS WERE RADIO LATINO IS NEARLY ALWAYS RECEIVED WITH A GOOD SIGNAL.THE SMALL ANTENNA ICONS ARE THE COUNTRIES WERE RADIO LATINO HAS BEEN RECEIVED WITH A MEDIUM TO LOW SIGNAL. YOU FIND THE COMPLETE LIST OF COUNTRIES AFTER THE MAP.
RADIO LATINO RECEIVED RECEPTION REPORTS FROM THE FOLLOWING EUROPE’S COUNTRIES: AUSTRIA – BELGIUM – BULGARIA –CZECH REP – ENGLAND – FINLAND – FRANCE – GERMANY – GREECE- HOLLAND – HUNGARY – ITALY – NORWAY – PORTUGAL – RUSSIA – SCOTLAND – SLOVAKIA – SPAIN – SWEDEN – UKRAINA
CANADA – U.S.A. – JAPAN – INDIA – MALAYSIA – AUSTRALIA (all via a web receiver)